Roadways in the automated world would probably look very different due to vehicles being both safer and more efficient. These changes will affect not only affect passengers of a vehicle, but pedestrians as well.
Connected vehicles can use wireless communication to “talk” to traffic signals, work zones, toll booths, school zones, and other types of infrastructure. Non-safety applications may be based on different types of wireless technology. Cars, trucks, buses, and other vehicles will be able to “talk” to each other with in-vehicle or aftermarket devices that continuously share important safety and mobility information with each other. Connected and fully automated vehicles (CAVs) refers to fully automated vehicles that are also equipped with communication technologies.
Policy-makers and insurance companies will be faced with new, never-before-seen challenges as driverless vehicles become widespread. Removing the human from the driver seat requires new considerations for changes to current transportation-related policy and laws.
The transportation industry makes up a huge portion of the US economy. Because AVs will bring about dramatic changes to this transportation, this industry as a whole, as well as consumers, will be affected.
A large driving force for the adoption of autonomous technology is the impact AVs will have on society. From convenience to emission reductions, AVs will undoubtedly revolutionize the impact that transportation has on our day-to-day lives.
The introduction of autonomous vehicles will undoubtedly change the way people and goods travel. City planners and transportation and traffic engineers will be presented with new challenges and opportunities with the emergence of these vehicles.
Automakers and tech companies are rapidly advancing the existing levels of autonomy as well as planning for the eventual fully-automated car. With the adoption of this technology on the not-so-distant horizon, it is important to understand the technology associated with (fully) automated vehicles.
Extensive research into CAV technology and its impacts on various aspects of planning, engineering, and economics has been conducted. However, gaps remain that cannot be well understood until we reach a certain market penetration and use of CAVs on roadways.
(Fully) Automated vehicles (AVs) are a disruptive, society-changing technology, not just for planning and placemaking, but for employment, social engagement, mobility and a range of physical, social, and economic factors. Transportation agencies, local and regional, network operators, private vendors, and stakeholders must all prepare to accommodate and benefit from these technologies that will fundamentally change the urban fabric and interaction patterns. Too many regulations could hinder the AV adoption and development while too few regulations on AV may not regulate well on the AV manufacturers and could lead to danger on roads.