(Fully) Automated vehicles (AVs) are a disruptive, society-changing technology, not just for planning and placemaking, but for employment, social engagement, mobility and a range of physical, social, and economic factors. Transportation agencies, local and regional, network operators, private vendors, and stakeholders must all prepare to accommodate and benefit from these technologies that will fundamentally change the urban fabric and interaction patterns. Too many regulations could hinder the AV adoption and development while too few regulations on AV may not regulate well on the AV manufacturers and could lead to danger on roads.
Fully automated vehicles (AVs) have a huge potential to mitigate crashes, enhance safety mobility for all, and increase road safety, road capacity, and in turn, efficiency. Availability of these factors will have direct impacts on various stakeholders involved in providing these services.
One of the most important benefits of self-driving vehicles is that they will provide safe mobility to the elderly and the disabled, but also to people who are too young to drive. Fully automated vehicles (AVs) also facilitate personal comfort and independence while traveling safely.
Fully Automated vehicles (AVs) are likely to change emissions, but the manner in which it change is still uncertain. These changes may also be influenced by other changes in vehicle operations, vehicle design, or transportation system design.
AVs have innate potential to encourage additional travel as compared to human-driven vehicles, both by those who currently drive privately owned vehicles and those who do not. This is due to the many added benefits that occur as a result of removing or limiting the driving task.
The introduction of automation technology will greatly influence current transport networks, travel behavior, and ridership choices. Real-time data precision will increase intersection and lane capacities, reducing travel time. The preferences and impacts of fully-automated vehicles (AVs) and shared full-automated vehicles (SAVs) will differ for all subgroup categories of demographics and economic backgrounds.
The transportation of goods by truck, train, ship, or aircraft is hugely important to the function of the U.S. economy. Automation will transform the current functionality of freight transportation through automated trucks.
Connected and fully automated vehicle (CAV) technology has the potential to allow vehicles to assist in avoiding collisions, mitigating crash severity, ensuring traffic safety, and reducing crashes due to human error (which is the most prominent contributor to crashes). Many safety benefits of AV technology would save thousands of lives and billions of dollars every year for various industries.
The introduction of fully-automated vehicles (AVs) will lead to tremendous changes to the current U.S. transportation system, VMT, congestion, and traffic flow patterns, among other things. While there are many concerns about the negative traffic impacts of AVs, the automated nature of the vehicles does suggest a possibility of a reduction in long-term congestion if properly implemented.